In this issue
Apache Site: www.apache.org
Release: 1.3.0 (Released 6th June 1998) (local download
Apache 1.3.0 is now the current stable release. Users of
Apache 1.2.6 and earlier should look at upgrading to this
version, which provides additional features and has been
subject to extensive testing.
The bugs listed below now include a link to the entry in the
Apache bug database where the problem is being tracked. These
entries are called "PR"s (Problem Reports). Some bugs do not
correspond to problem reports if they are found by
Bugs in 1.3.0
These bugs have been found in 1.3.0 and will be fixed in
Because of the major differences between Windows and Unix,
these are separated into bugs which affect Windows systems
only, and other bugs (which may affect Windows as well). Unix
users can ignore the bugs listed in the Windows section.
Compiling Apache 1.3.0 source fails in the rewrite module.
There is a
patch available to fix this.
If a custom log format was defined in the main-server part
of the configuration file, it could not be used in virtual
host sections. PR#2090.
Hostnames or IP numbers were being truncated in the log
files. This only affects people using mod_usertrack to issue cookies to
clients, because this code was truncating the hostname or
IP address at the first period (dot) when a new cookie was
Apache was converting the Content-Type from CGI scripts to
lowercase, which normally had no effect. However scripts
which sent back a server-push boundary with uppercase
characters would not work. PR#2400.
Updates for QNX, HPUX (for shared objects), SVR4 (when
using configure with
maximum number of shared objects), alpha linux and other
64-bit systems (mod_unique_id), SCO 5 (compilation), NCR
(configuration and SIGHUP restarts), NEXTSTEP
Add support for UTS 2.1.2.
Symbolic links cannot be used above the document root. This
only affect people using the configuration files which came
with 1.3.0, which include a <Directory /> section
None and AllowOverride None. This is a
performance boost because it prevents Apache reading
.htaccess files above
the document root, but it also disallowed symbolic links.
To enable symbolic links above the document root,
Options None should
be changed to Options
Patches for bugs in Apache 1.3.0 will be made available
in the apply_to_1.3.0 subdirectory of the patches
directory on the Apache site. Some new features and
other unofficial patches are available in the 1.3
patches directory. For details of all previously
reported bugs, see the Apache bug
database and known
bugs pages. Many common configuration questions are
answered in the Apache
The next planned release will be 1.3.1 which will
contain mainly bug fixes for 1.3.0, with a few minor
additional features. There may be a beta period
for 1.3.1, but this has not yet been decided.
Testing Configuration Files
If a configuration file (such as httpd.conf) contains a syntax
error, Apache will display an error message and fail to
start. While this is acceptable when starting from the
command line, if Apache is restarted while it is
running (by sending a HUP or USR1 signal), the error
will cause Apache to stop. To help avoid this, a new
command line option has been added which will check the
syntax of the main configuration files. Running
httpd -t will
make Apache read its main configuration file
and the other standard configuration files if they
exist, and then exit. If there are is an error in the
configuration file it will be reported as normal, and
Apache will exit with a non-zero status. If there are
no errors, Apache will say "Syntax OK" and exit with a
zero status. This can be used interactively to check
for syntax errors in the configuration files, or in a
script to avoid sending a USR1 or HUP signal to a live
process if a syntax error is found. Note however that
this will not find all possible errors in the
configuration files, and it does not check .htaccess files.
Proxy to Perform Garbage Collection in the Background
The proxy module has been updated so that a separate
process is spawned to do the garbage collection. This
happens whenever the total size of the cached files
exceeds the limit configured with the CacheSize.
Apache quick reference card has been updated for
Apache 1.3.0. It lists the syntax for every Apache
1.3.0 directive (including a note of which directives
which are new for 1.3 or have changed since 1.2.*). In
addition, it also lists the httpd command line options,
CGI environment variables, custom log format directives
and SSI directives. All this can be printed on a single
double-sided sheet in either US or international paper
sizes, and is available as Postscript or PDF.
It is now possible to search the Apache site, source
code and bug reports. The search page is at http://www.apache.org/search.html.
By default it searches the pages on the Apache site
itself (www.apache.org), but by selecting the options
under "Limit search to" it can search the Apache
developers' site, the current Apache source, or the bug
tracking database (or any combination). The search
phrase itself can be one or more words, with optional
use of "AND", "OR" or "NOT" to build up complex
PHP3, the Hypertext Preprocessor language, is now
available as a full release. This is a major update
over PHP2, with much of the internal code completely
rewritten for much better performance, more consistent
language syntax, and a large number of new features.
PHP is a language which can be embedded into HTML
pages. This is similar to server-side includes, but
much more powerful. PHP comes with an Apache module
which builds the whole PHP language into Apache, so
performance is much better than external CGI scripts.
PHP is particulary good for links with databases,
including Oracle, Sybase, Solid, MySQL, mSQL, and
PHP3 can be obtained from www.php.net.
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