The last fortnight has seen a high volume of traffic concerning
input filtering in 2.0, particularly regarding
mod_ssl. Although the debate became heated at times,
some changes to the bucket brigade interface were eventually decided
This week the Apache HTTP Test suite was exercised against
Apache 2.0; after enough bugs were fixed that all the tests passed,
the tree was tagged in preparation for a new release, 2.0.26. One
problem remaining is that segfaults in child processes are not handled
correctly, though Jeff Trawick is working on a fix. Several positive
reports have been sent in from users testing mod_ssl
and mod_proxy in the current 2.0 code: it looks
possible that 2.0.26 will be released as the next 2.0 beta. The code
was also tested on the live site at apache.org; this highlighted a bug
in some recent optimisation work, which was quickly fixed.
Back in 1.3 land, there was some discussion about customisation of the
Server version string (as used by Netcraft et al. to determine which
software a web site is running), and the SERVER_SIGNATURE
string used in the default error response pages and elsewhere.
Dirk-Willem van Gulik submitted a patch making these highly
configurable using a format string (like the
The CIO Magazine tell their readers
"Let's stop wasting
$78 billion a year", the amount they estimate faulty software costs
businesses. The action plan includes adopting open-source technologies
such as Linux, Apache, and Sendmail.
The recent Gartner report caused a flurry of press activity, including
news from Sun that they were slashing the price of their web server
An article by
Total Telecom however believes that it is the "companies that sell
services around the free Apache software [who] stand to benefit more from
businesses switching platforms than Sun."
In this section we highlight some of the articles on the web that are of
interest to Apache users.
Your Apache Web Server", Don MacVittie shows us how to configure the
directives in the httpd.conf file to achieve maximum performance. Users
have to ensure that their hardware can support the volume of connections
they are aiming for, before starting with the optimisation. As there are
no hard and fast rules for tweaking the settings, the best configuration
is obtained by trial and error - benchmarking the server after changing
the directives each time.
Apache Week editor Mark Cox talks to searchWebManagement about the Apache
1.3.22 release in "Bugs
fixed in latest Apache version". The article touches on the
development of Apache 1.3.22, how it compares to Apache 2.0, the most
important enhancement, and the relationship with third party vendors.
For those using Mac OS, here's a straightforward step-by-step tutorial on
Apache 1.3.22 and PHP 4.0 for Mac OS X 10.1 However, the instructions
don't include integrating mod_perl or
Read the success story about how a team at eToys.com build a large-scale
e-commerce site using mainly open-source software such as Apache,
mod_perl, and commodity hardware. This comprehensive case
study provides you with an insight into the secrets of their feat and
warns you about the various pitfalls to avoid. If they can do this with a
minimum of cost and effort, you can too!
Ibrahim F. Haddad explains the results he got for testing the performance
of three open-source web servers: Apache, Jigsaw and Tomcat on his
experimental Linux cluster platform. He performs four type of tests, each
with a different server and on 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 CPU systems but only
presents three comparison cases: Apache 1.3.14 vs. Apache 2.08a on one
CPU, Apache 1.3.14 vs. Apache 2.08a on eight CPUs and Jigsaw 2.0.1
vs. Tomcat 3.1 on one CPU in this report. His conclusion is that Apache is
considerably faster and more stable than the other web servers.
PHP: The What's and the Why's" is the first article in a new series
that aspires to teach everything about PHP, beginning with the basics of
PHP to advanced subjects such as databases and XML support. This
introductory piece briefs us on what PHP is, its history, and the reasons
for choosing it over other languages.